A Timeless Fabric
with a Rich History
On the market since 1985
GT Portugal has been adjusting its methods to the ever changing requirements of our clients. This flexibility allows us to respond with innovative, sustainable materials and finishings through technological innovation, creativity, and process uniqueness.
The Origins of Denim
Denim's story begins in the 18th century in the town of Nîmes, France, where it was originally woven and known as "serge de Nîmes." The fabric gained popularity due to its robust nature, ideal for workwear garments, such as overalls and trousers. However, it wasn't until the fabric reached America that it truly made its mark.
The American Denim Revolution
Denim's transformation from a simple workwear material to an iconic fashion staple took place during the mid-20th century. Figures like James Dean, with his rebellious style, and Marilyn Monroe, with her timeless allure, helped catapult denim into the realm of pop culture. Blue jeans became synonymous with youth, rebellion, and the American spirit.
The production of denim is a meticulous and fascinating process that involves several key steps:
- Cotton Selection: Denim starts with the selection of high-quality cotton, typically known for its strength and durability.
- Carding and Spinning: The cotton fibers are carded and spun into yarns, which are often dyed with indigo to achieve the classic blue hue.
- Weaving: Denim's signature diagonal pattern is created through a twill weaving technique, where the weft thread passes under two or more warp threads, forming a diagonal line.
- Sanforization: To prevent excessive shrinkage, the fabric is often sanforized, a process that pre-shrinks the denim.
- Finishing: Denim can undergo various finishing processes, such as distressing, stone washing, or sanding, to achieve different textures and styles.